上海体育学院学报

2020, (05) 70-80

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社会认知理论视角下青少年体力活动影响因素分析
Analysis of the Influence Factors of Adolescents' Physical Activity Based on the Perspective of Social Cognitive Theory

刘建秀;尚博睿;尹懿;杨明;曾牧川;张曜;马新东
LIU Jianxiu; SHANG Borui; YIN Yi; YANG Ming; ZENG Muchuan; ZHANG Yao; MA Xindong

摘要(Abstract):

目的 以社会认知理论(social cognitive theory,SCT)模型为视角,对青少年体力活动影响因素的文献进行系统性综述和元分析。方法 检索国内外数据库,纳入符合要求的18篇文献,采用Stata 15.0软件合并效应量并进行亚组分析。结果 ①SCT模型总体能中等程度预测体力活动(R2=17%,P<0.01,z=7.59);②对包含自我效能、障碍自我效能、社会支持和社会状态因素在内的文献进行的元分析结果显示,这些因素与体力活动显著相关(N≥ 75%);③受不同地域、性别和统计方法的影响,研究结果间存在异质性。结论 SCT模型能中等程度预测青少年体力活动;自我效能、障碍自我效能、社会支持、社会状态是预测体力活动的关键指标;受不同地域、性别和文化环境等因素的影响,SCT模型对青少年体力活动的预测结果不同。
Objective The researches on the influencing factors of adolescents' physical activity were summarized using the method of meta-analysis systematically from the perspective of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT).Methods Literature review was conducted from different databases and 18 documents were introduced; meta-analysis and subgroup analysis were used by Stata 15.0.Results ①SCT model can explain the behavior of physical activity to a moderate extent(R2=17%,P<0.01,z=7.2);②The results of literature which included the factors of barrier self-efficacy,social support and social status showed that these factors correlated with physical activity significantly;③There exists heterogeneity between studies influenced by different geographic,gender, and statistical methods. Methods SCT model can predict physical activity of adolescents moderately;selfefficacy,barrier self-efficacy,social support,and social status are the key variables to predict physical activity; the predict of SCT model to adolescents'physical activity are different in terms of the region,gender and cultural environment of different countries.

关键词(KeyWords): 社会认知理论;体力活动;青少年;影响因素;系统性综述;元分析
social cognitive theory;physical activity;adolescents;influence factors;systematic review;metaanalysis

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金一般项目(16BTY065);中国高等教育学会体育专项重点课题(17TZ001);清华大学自主科研计划项目(2016THZWLJ12)

作者(Author): 刘建秀;尚博睿;尹懿;杨明;曾牧川;张曜;马新东
LIU Jianxiu; SHANG Borui; YIN Yi; YANG Ming; ZENG Muchuan; ZHANG Yao; MA Xindong

Email:

DOI: 10.16099/j.sus.2020.05.008

参考文献(References):

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